This medication is used alone or with alternative medications to control seizures. controlling and reducing seizures allows you to do a lot of of your normal daily activities, reduces your risk of damage when you lose consciousness, and lessens your risk for a possibly dangerous condition of frequent, continual seizures. phenobarbital belongs to a category of drugs called sedative-hypnotic anticonvulsants/hypnotics. It works by controlling the abnormal electrical activity within the brain that happens throughout a seizure. This medication is also used for a short time (usually no more than a pair of weeks) to help calm you or assist you sleep in periods of tension. It works by affecting certain elements of the brain to cause calming.
How to use phenobarbital
Take this medication orally with or without food, sometimes once daily at bedtime for seizure management, or as directed by your doctor. Take with food or milk if stomach upset happens. If you’re using the liquid form of this medication, measure the dose carefully using a special measurement device/cup. don’t use a normal spoon which is used in our houses because you’ll not get the proper dose.
Dosage is predicated on your medical condition, phenobarbital blood levels, and response to treatment. The dose in kids might also be based on weight.
Your doctor could direct you to begin this medication at a low dose and bit by bit increase your dose to stop side effects like drowsiness and dizziness. Follow your doctor’s directions fastidiously. don’t take more or less of this drug than prescribed.
It may take many weeks to achieve the most effective dose for you and completely control your seizures. This medication works best when the quantity of drug in your body is kept at a constant level. Therefore, take it at an equivalent time(s) day after day.
Do not stop taking this medication until you consult your doctor. Your seizures could worsen or cause a really severe seizure that’s tough to treat (status epilepticus) once this drug is suddenly stopped.
If you suddenly stop using this medication, you’ll have withdrawal symptoms (such as anxiety, hallucinations, twitching, trouble sleeping). Withdrawal from phenobarbital will be severe and include seizures and (rarely) death. to assist prevent withdrawal, your doctor could lower your dose slowly. Withdrawal is more likely if you have got used phenobarbital for an extended time or in high doses. Tell your doctor or pharmacist directly if you have got withdrawal.
Though it helps many folks, this medication could typically cause addiction. This risk is also higher if you have got a substance use disorder (such as overuse of or addiction to drugs/alcohol). Take this medication specifically as prescribed to lower the chance of addiction. ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details.
When this medication is used for an extended time for anxiety or to assist you sleep, it should not work as well.
Tell your doctor if your anxiety or seizure management worsens (such as the number of seizures increases).